The Oglala Lakota tribe (pronounced [oɡəˈlala], meaning “to scatter one’s own” in Lakota language) of American Indians live on and off the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota, the eighth-largest Native American reservation in the United States. The Lakota, also known as the Sioux, is a Nation made up of seven tribes, one of which is the Oglala. The Oglala are a federally recognized tribe whose official title is the Oglala Sioux Tribe of the Pine Ridge Reservation.
Seven Values of Lakota Life
- Woc’ekiya – Praying: Finding spirituality by communicating with your higher power, this communication between you and Tunkasila without going through another person or spirit.
- Wa o’ hola – Respect: for self, higher power, family, community and all life.
- Wa on’sila – Caring and Compassion: love caring, and concern for one another in a good way, especially for the family, the old ones, the young ones, the orphans, the one in mourning, the sick ones, and the ones working for the people.
- Wowijke – Honesty and Truth: with yourself, higher power and others with sincerity.
- Wawokiye – Generosity and Caring: helping without expecting anything in return, giving from the heart.
- Wah’wala – Humility: we have a spirit; we are not better or less than others.
- Woksape – Wisdom: practice with knowledge comes wisdom.
Notable Oglala Leaders
- American Horse (Wasechun-tashunka)
- Crazy Horse
- Crow Dog (Kangisanka)
- Kicking Bear
- Little Wound
- Old Chief Smoke (Šóta)
- Red Cloud
- Chief Blue Horse
- Iron Tail
- Flying Hawk
- Big Mouth
- Surrounded By the Enemy (1865-1887)
- Cecilia Fire Thunder
- Theresa Two Bulls
- Young Man Afraid Of His Horses
- Black Elk
- Red Shirt